Uganda operates under a presidential republic system. The President is both the head of state and government and is elected by popular vote, serving as the chief executive officer. The country has a multi-party system, although the political landscape has been dominated by the National Resistance Movement (NRM) since the 1986 overthrow of Idi Amin’s regime.
The government structure includes three branches:
- Executive: The President holds significant power, assisted by the Vice President and appointed Cabinet ministers who oversee various government ministries.
- Legislative: The Parliament of Uganda is unicameral and consists of the National Assembly (also known as the Parliament). It is responsible for making laws, approving the national budget, and overseeing the actions of the executive branch.
- Judiciary: Uganda’s judiciary is independent and comprises various levels of courts, including the Supreme Court as the highest court in the land. It interprets the constitution and resolves legal disputes.
Uganda is divided into smaller administrative units for governance known as districts, each headed by an appointed Resident District Commissioner.
However, it’s worth noting that Uganda, like any nation, has faced challenges, including political controversies, allegations of human rights abuses, and concerns regarding governance transparency. Political dynamics, ethnic diversity, and regional disparities also influence the country’s political landscape.